Adsorption of chrome (VI) and mercury (II) in solution using hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

  • Candelaria Tejada Tobar Universidad de Cartagena https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2323-1544
  • Isabel Cristina Paz Astudillo University of Tolima
  • Diofanor Acevedo Correa
  • María Espinosa Fortich University of Cartagena
  • Cristina López Badel University of Cartagena
Palabras clave: Biomasa residual, Adsorcion, Metales pesados, Modelo de Freundlich, Eichhornia crassipes

Resumen

La existencia de proliferación de Jacinto acuático en los humedales del Canal del Dique (Bolívar-Colombia) causa problemas ambientales por no existir una disposición final de estos. Por lo tanto, es necesario estudiar alternativas para su uso. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el comportamiento del Jacinto acuático como adsorbente de cromo (VI) y mercurio (II) en una solución preparada sintéticamente. El material lignocelulósico se secó a 80°C durante 24 h para eliminar la humedad; luego se trituró y tamizó con mallas de diferentes tamaños de partículas; se caracterizó mediante análisis elementales para comprobar la presencia de celulosa, hemicelulosa y lignina, así como mediante espectrometría de infrarrojos por transformada de Fourier para verificar la existencia de grupos funcionales responsables del proceso de adsorción. Se encontró que el mejor tamaño de partícula era de 1 mm, con un porcentaje de remoción de 73,4 y 79,3% para el cromo y el mercurio, respectivamente. Al establecer la cinética de adsorción se comprobó que el porcentaje de eliminación aumenta con el tiempo hasta 5,5 h de contacto con la solución de mercurio y 3,8 h con la solución de cromo.

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Cómo citar
Tejada Tobar, C. ., Paz Astudillo, I. C., Acevedo Correa, D., Espinosa Fortich, M. ., & López Badel, C. (2020). Adsorption of chrome (VI) and mercury (II) in solution using hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 19(1), 54–65. https://doi.org/10.18684/bsaa.v19.n1.2021.1563
Publicado
2020-07-01
Sección
Artículos de Investigaciòn