Desempeño de larvas y juveniles de Piaractus orinoquensis cultivados a diferentes densidades en sistemas con tecnología biofloc TBF

  • LUIS FELIPE COLLAZOS LASSO UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LLANOS
  • MITSUAKI UENO FUKURA UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LLANOS
  • JOSÉ ALFREDO ARIAS CASTELLANOS UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LLANOS
  • LUIS ALEJANDRO VINATEA ARANA Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Palabras clave: Piaractus orinoquensis, Biofloc, Densidad, Larva, Juvenil, Supervivencia, Peso, Longitud, Relación carbono/nitrógeno, Sistema de cultivo

Resumen

El sistema de cultivo de peces con TBF presenta condiciones de calidad de agua y oferta de alimento vivo favorables para el cultivo de peces con desarrollo indirecto en etapas tempranas, en este sentido, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el cultivo con TBF de larvas y juveniles de Piaractus orinoquensis a diferentes densidades de siembra. Para este fin se estableció biofloc a una relación carbono / nitrógeno de 15/1, evaluándose seis densidades de siembra, así: T1=10, T2 = 20, T3 = 30, T4 = 40, T5 = 50 y T6 = 60 larvas L-1. Los estudios se condujeron en dos fases: la primera de larvicultura, durante 12 días de cultivo, los resultados muestran que la supervivencia (%) y el peso final fueron mayores en los tratamientos de menores densidades, sin embargo, los tratamientos con mayores densidades presentaron mayor número de larvas vivas. Para la segunda fase, comprendida entre el día 13 al 24 post siembra (DPS), se presentaron respuestas similares, siendo que la supervivencia (%) fue mayor a menores densidades de siembra (T1 = 79,8±6,90 %), no obstante, el número total de juveniles vivos fue mayor a densidades mayores (T6 = 34,5±5,2 juveniles L-1); el peso final disminuyó a medida que aumentó la densidad sin que la longitud presentara diferencias estadísticas. El análisis multivariado que relacionó la supervivencia, el peso, la longitud, el número de larvas y juveniles vivos, indicó que las mejores respuestas se presentaron en el T3 con una supervivencia del 49,5±7,4 % y un número final de juveniles de 14,9±2,1 L-1. La posibilidad de cultivar larvas y juveniles de P. orinoquensis de manera superintensiva con tecnología biofloc es factible en las condiciones reportadas, obteniendo los mejores resultados a una densidad de 30 larvas L-1.

 

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Referencias bibliográficas

ANDRADE-VERA, SOLANGE; BONIFAZ, MARIA-JOSÉ; DOMÍNGUEZ-GRANDA, L.; MARÍN-JARRÍN, JOSÉ. Uso de la zona de rompiente de playas arenosas por larvas de corvina (Cynoscion spp.) Provincia del Guayas. Ecuador. Latin american journal of aquatic research, v. 45, n. 2, 2017, p. 431-442.

AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION (APHA). Standard Methods for the examination of Wáter and Wastewater. Washington DC (USA): 2017, part 2540, p, 2-6.

ATENCIO-GARCIA, VICTOR. Producción de juveniles de especies nativas. Revista MVZ Córdoba, v. 6, n. 1, 2001, p. 9-14. https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1060

AVNIMELECH, YORAM. Biofloc technology - A practical guide book. 3rd ed. Baton Rouge (United States): The World Aquaculture Society, 2015, p. 38-65, ISBN: 978-188880-7226

AVNIMELECH, YORAM. Feeding with microbial flocs by tilapia in minimal discharge bioflocs technology ponds. Aquaculture, v. 264, n. 1-4, 2007, p. 140–147.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.11.025

AYAZO-GENES, J.; PERTUZ-BUELVAS, V.; JIMÉNEZ-VELÁSQUEZ, C.; ESPINOSA-ARAUJO, J.; ATENCIO-GARCÍA, V.; PRIETO-GUEVARA, M. Comunidades planctónicas y bacterianas asociadas al cultivo de bocachico Prochilodus magdalenae con tecnología biofloc. Revista MVZ Córdoba, v. 24, n. 2, 2019, p. 7209-7217.https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1648

AZIM, M.E.; LITTLE, D.C.; BRON, J.E. Microbial protein production in activated suspension tanks manipulating C:N ratio in feed and the implications for fish culture. Bioresource Technology, v. 99, n. 9, 2008, p. 3590-3599.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.07.063

BAKAR, N.S.A.; NASIR, N.M.; LANANAN, F.; HAMID, S.H.A.; LAM, S.S.; JUSOH A. Optimization of C/N ratios for nutrient removal in aquaculture system culturing African catfish, (Clarias gariepinus) utilizing Bioflocs Technology. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, v. 102, 2015, p. 100-106.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.04.001

BALÓN, EUGENE-K. Reflections on Some Decisive Events in the Early Life of Fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, v. 113, n. 2, 1984, p. 178-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1984)113<178:ROSDEI>2.0.CO2

BARBIERI, EDISON; VIGLIAR-BONDIOLI, ANA-CRISTINA. Acute toxicity of ammonia in Pacu fish (Piaractus mesopotamicus, Holmberg, 1887) at different temperatures levels. Aquaculture Research, v. 46, n. 3, 2013, p. 565-571. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.12203

BALDISSEROTTO, BERNARDO. Fisiologia de Peixes Aplicada a Piscicultura. 3rd ed. Santa María (Brazil): editora UFSM, 2013, p. 139-156, ISBN 978.85-7391-198-5.

BITTENCOURT-VIEIRA, RAFAEL; MELO-BARRETO, LEOPOLDO; ZANOTI-FONSECA, KARINA; SANTANA-LORDELO, MAURICIO; RIBEIRO DE SOUZA, FABIANA; EVANGELISTA-BARRETO, NORMA-SUELY. Zootechnical performance evaluation of the use of biofloc technology in nile tilapia fingerling production at different densities. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, v. 45, n. 4 e505, 2019, p. 4-7. http://DOI:10.20950/1678-2305.2019.45.4.505

BOURNE, R. Fundamentals of Digital Imaging in Medicine. Springer. New York. US, 2010,185 p, ISBN 978-1-84882-086-9.

BROWDY, CRAI L.; RAY, ANDREW J.; LEFFLER, JHON W.; AVIMELECH, YORAM. Biofloc-based aquaculture system. En TIDWELL, JAMES-H; Acuacultura Production Systems. Wiley-Blackwell is an imprint of John Wiley & Sons, formed by the merger of Wiley’s global Scientific, Technical, and Medical business with Blackwell Publishing, 2012, 290 p.

CRAB, ROSELIEN; AVNIMELECH, YORAM; DEFOIRDT, TOM; BOSSIER, PETER; VERSTRAETE, WILLY. Nitrogen removal techniques in aquaculture for a sustainable production. Aquaculture, v. 270, n. 1-4, 2007, p. 1-14.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.05.006

DAVID-RUALES, CARLOS-DAVID; MACHADO-FRACALOSSI, DEVORA; VÁSQUEZ-TORRES, WALTER. Desarrollo temprano en larvas de peces. clave para el inicio de la alimentación exógena. Revista Lasallista de Investigación, v.15, n. 1, 2018, p. 180 - 194. https://doi.org/10.22507/rli.v15n1a10

DE SCHRYVER, P.; CRAB, R.; DEFOIRDT, T.; BOON, N.; VERSTRAETE, W. The basics of bio-flocs technology: The added value for aquaculture. Aquaculture, v. 277, n. 3-4, 2008, p 125–137.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.02.019

DIATIN, ES; MUHAMMAD, AGUS-SUPRAYUDI; BUDIARDI, TATAG; HARRIS. ENANG; WIDANARNI, WIDANANRNI. Biofloc technology on the intensive aquaculture of bronze corydoras ornamental fish Corydoras aeneus with different stocking densities. Journal Akuakultur Indonesia, v. 18, n. 2, 2019, p. 202–213.https://doi.org/10.19027/jai.18.2.202-213

EBELING, JAMES; TIMMONS, MICHAEL B.; BISOGNI, J.J. Engineering analysis of the stoichiometry of photoautotrophic. autotrophic. and heterotrophic removal of ammonia–nitrogen in aquaculture systems. Aquaculture, v. 257, n. 1-4, 2006, p. 346–358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.03.019

EKASARI, JULIE; RIVANDI, DIO-RHEZA; FIRDAUSI, AMALIA-PUTRI; SURAWIDJAJA, ENANG-HARRIS; ZAIRIN, MUHAMMAD; BOSSIER, PETER; DE SCHRYVER, PETER. Biofloc technology positively affects Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) larvae performance. Aquaculture, v.441, 2015, p. 72–77.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.02.019

EKASARI, JULIE; SUPRAYUDI, MUHAMMAD-AUGUS; WIYOTO, WIYOTO; HAZANAH, RATIH-FAUZIATIN; LENGGARA, GILANG-SATYA; SULISTIANI, ROSI; ALKAHFI, MUHAMMAD; ZAIRIN JR, MUHAMMAD. Biofloc technology application in African catfish fingerling production: The effects on the reproductive performance of broodstock and the quality of eggs and larvae. Aquaculture, v. 464, 2016, p.349–356.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2016.07.013

EMERENCIANO, MAURICIO; CÓRDOVA-MARTINEZ, LUIS-RAFAEL; MARTÍNEZ-PORCHAS, MARCEL; MIRANDA-BAEZA, ANSELMO. Biofloc Technology (BFT): A Tool for Water Quality Management in Aquaculture en Water Quality Edited by Hlanganani Tutu. ISBN 978-953-51-2881-6. pp 426. Publisher: InTech. Chapters published January 18. 2017 under CC BY 3.0 license. http://DOI:10.5772/66416

EMERSON, KENNETH; RUSSO, ROSEMARIE C.; LUND, RICHARD E.; THURSTON, ROBERT V. Aqueous ammonia equilibrium calculations: effect of pH and temperature. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, v. 32, n. 12, 1975, p. 2379-2383. https://doi.org/10.1139/f75-274

FAUJI, HILMI; BUDIARDI, TATAG; EKASARI, JULIE. Growth performance and robustness of African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) in biofloc-based nursery production with different stocking densities. Aquaculture Research, v. 49, n. 3, 2018, p. 1339–1346. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13595

GARCÍA-RÍOS, LOMBARDO; MIRANDA-BAEZA, ANSELMO; COELHO-EMERENCIANO, MAURICIO-GUSTAVO; HUERTA-RÁBAGO, JOSÉ-ALBERTO; OSUNA-AMARILLAS, PABLO. Biofloc technology (BFT) applied to tilapia fingerlings production using different carbon sources: Emphasis on commercial applications. Aquaculture, v. 502, 2019, p. 26-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.11.057

GOMES-VILANI, FELIPE; SCHVEITZER, RODRIGO; DA FONSECA-ARANTES, RAFAEL; DO NASCIMENTO-VIEIRA, FELIPE; MANOEL- DO ESPÍRITO SANTO, CARLOS; QUADROS-SEIFFERT, WALTER. Strategies for water preparation in a biofloc system: Effects of carbon source and fertilization dose on water quality and shrimp performance. Aquacultural Engineering, v. 74, 2016, p. 70–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaeng.2016.06.002

HARGREAVES, JHON A. Biofloc production systems for aquaculture. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center SRAC Publication, n. 4503, 2013, 12 p.

HERNÁNDEZ-ESTRADA, ROBERTO; RODRÍGUEZ-MARTINEZ, ANDREA; RUÍZ_MARTINEZ, OSIRIS; MONROY-DOSTA, MARIA-DEL CARMEN. Ecological succession of plankton in a biofloc system with molasses as carbon source. Scientific Journal of Biological Science, v, 6, n. 7, 2017, p. 222-228. https://doi:10.14196/sjbs.v6i7.2456

JIMÉNEZ-OJEDA, YIRA-KARINA; COLLAZOS-LASSO, LUIS-FELIPE; ARIAS-CASTELLANOS, JOSÉ-ALFREDO. Dynamics and use of nitrogen in Biofloc Technology – BFT. AACL Bioflux, v. 11, n. 4, 2018, p 1107-1129.

KARASU-BENLI, A.; KOKSAL, G. The acute toxicity of Ammonia on Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Larvae and fingerling. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, v. 29, 2005, p 339-344.

KUBITZA, F. Criação de tilapias em sistema com bioflocos sem renovação de agua. Panorama da aqüicultura, v. 21, n 125, 2011, p 14–23.

KUBITZA, F. A relação entre pH. gás carbônico. alcalinidade e dureza sua influência no desempenho e saúde dos peixes e camarões. Rev. Panorama de aqüicultura. 2017. https://panoramadaaquicultura.com.br/a-agua-na-aquicultura-parte-2/ [consultado febrero 10 de 2021].

LI, JIAWEI; LIU, GANG; LI, CHANGWEI; DENG, YALE; TADDA, MUSA-ABUBAKAR; LAN, LIHUA; ZHU, SONGMING; LIU, DEZHAO. Effects of different solid carbon sources on water quality, biofloc quality and gut microbiota of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) larvae. Aquaculture, v. 495, 2018, p. 919–931.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.06.078

LIU, GANG; YE, ZHANGYING; LIU, DEZHAO; ZHAO, JIAN; SIVARAMASAMY, ELAYARAJA; DENG, YALRE; ZHU, SONGMING. Influence of stocking density on growth, digestive enzyme activities, immune responses, antioxidant of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings in biofloc systems. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, v. 81, 2018, p. 416-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2018.07.047

LUO, GUOZHI; ZHANG, NAN; CAI, SHENGLI; TAN, HONGXIN; LIU, ZEFENG. Nitrogen dynamics, bacterial community composition and biofloc quality in biofloc-based systems cultured Oreochromis niloticus with poly-β-hydroxybutyric and polycaprolactone as external carbohydrates. Aquaculture, v. 479, 2017, p. 732–741.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.07.017

MAYA-GUTIÉRREZ, STHEPHANIEE; MONROY-DOSTA, MARÍA DEL CARMEN; HANDAM-PARTIDA, AIDA; CASTRO-MEJÍA, JORGE; RODRÍGUEZ-MONTES DE OCA, GUSTAVO-ALEJANDRO. Effect of two carbon sources in microbial abundance in a Biofloc culture system with Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus. 1758). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, v. 4, n. 3, 2016, p. 421-427.

MARTINS, G.B.; TAROUCO, F.; ROSA, C.E.; ROBALDO, R.B. The utilization of sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate or hydroxide in biofloc system: water quality, growth performance and oxidative stress of Nile tilapia (O.niloticus). Aquaculture, v. 468, n. 1, 2017, p.10-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2016.09.046

PÉREZ-FUENTES, JORGE A.; HERNANDEZ-VERGARA, MARTHA; PEREZ-ROSTRO, CARLOS; FOGEL, IRA C. N ratios affect nitrogen removal and production of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus raised in a biofloc system under high density cultivation. Aquaculture, v. 452, 2016, p. 247-251.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.11.010

POLI, MOISES-ANGEL; SCHVEITZER, RODRIGO; DE OLIVEIRA NUÑER, ALEX. The use of biofloc technology in a South American catfish (Rhamdia quelen) hatchery: Effect of suspended solids in the performance of larvae. Aquacultural Engineering, v. 66, 2015, p. 17–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaeng.2015.01.004

PRIETO, MARTHA; ATENCIO, VICTOR. Zooplankton in larviculture of neotropical fishes. Revista MVZ Córdoba, v. 13, n. 2, 2008, p. 1416-1417.https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.401

RAY, A.J.; SEABORN, G.; LEFFLER, J.W.; WILDE, S.B.; LAWSON, A.; Y BROWDY, C.L. Characterization of microbial communities in minimal-exchange, intensive aquaculture systems and the effects of suspended solids management. Aquaculture, v. 310, n. 1-2, 2010, p. 130–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.10.019

SISTEMA DE INFORMACIÓN DE GESTIÓN Y DESEMPEÑO DE ORGANIZACIÓN DE CADENAS (SIOC), MINISTERIO DE AGRICULTURA Y DESARROLLO RURAL DE COLOMBIA. Producción de la Acuicultura 2010 2019. 2020. https://sioc.minagricultura.gov.co/Acuicultura/Documentos/2019-12-31%20Cifras%20Sectoriales.pdf [consultado marzo 7 de 2021].

XU, W.J.; MORRIS, T.C.; SAMOCHA, T.M. Effects of C/N ratio on biofloc development, water quality, and performance of Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles in a biofloc-based, high-density, zero-exchange, outdoor tank system. Aquaculture, v. 453, 2016, p. 169–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.11.021

ZAPATA-LOVERA, KATHERINE-PATRICIA; BRITO, LUIS-OTAVIO; DE LIMA, PRISCILLA-CELES-MACIEL; VINATEA-ARANA, LUIS-ALEJANDRO; GALVEZ, ALFREDO-OLIVERA; CÁRDENAS-VARGAS, JESSIE-MARINA. Cultivo de alevines de tilapia en sistema biofloc bajo diferentes relaciones carbono/nitrógeno. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca. São Paulo, v. 43, n. 3, 2017, p. 399 – 407. https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305.2017v43n3p399

Cómo citar
COLLAZOS LASSO, L. F., UENO FUKURA, M. . ., ARIAS CASTELLANOS, J. A. ., & VINATEA ARANA, L. A. . (2021). Desempeño de larvas y juveniles de Piaractus orinoquensis cultivados a diferentes densidades en sistemas con tecnología biofloc TBF. Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 19(2), 201–213. https://doi.org/10.18684/bsaa.v19.n2.2021.1864
Publicado
2021-04-24
Sección
Artículos de Investigaciòn

Datos de los fondos