Evaluación de residuos agroindustriales como biofiltros: remoción de cr (vi) en efluentes de curtiembres sintéticos

  • Tatiana Andrea Dávila Martínez Universidad del Valle.
  • Nazly Efredis Sanchez Peña Corporación Universitaria Autónoma del Cauca, Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Desarrollo Sostenible
  • Darwim Andrés Ordoñez Erazo Corporación Universitaria Autónoma del Cauca, Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Desarrollo Sostenible.
  • Ricardo Benitez Benitez Universidad del Cauca.
Palabras clave: Biofiltro, Cromo VI, Cáscaras de plátano (Musa AAB) y naranja (Citrus sinensis), Metales pesados.

Resumen

Se estima que el 85% de los insumos químicos usados por las industrias de
curtiembres europeas para producir 1000 kg de cuero crudo se vierten a los
afluentes de recurso hídrico en forma de contaminantes, entre ellos el Cromo VI
(Cr (VI)), un compuesto tóxico de fácil adsorción. En este sentido, el presente
trabajo estudia la remoción de Cr (VI) en solución acuosa sintética preparada a
partir de la concentración detectada en una muestra de vertimientos de curtiembres (Cr (VI): 32,6 mg/kg). Para ello, mediante ensayos Batch, se dispusieron cinco filtros a escala de laboratorio empacados con cáscara de plátano(Musa AAB) y naranja (Citrus sinensis) (Fa: 100% naranja, Fb: 70% naranja/30% plátano, Fc: 50% naranja/50% plátano, Fd: 30% naranja/70%plátano y Fe: 100% plátano). El filtro con mejor desempeño en términosde bioadsorción de Cr (VI) fue Fd. Dicho filtro mostró una eficiencia deremoción del 93%, comparado a Fa: 73%, Fb: 90%, Fc: 86% y Fe: 82%.Por otra parte, las constantes de adsorción estimadas en este estudio se encuentran entre 96-132 mg Cr (VI)/gadsorb. Por tanto, los bioadsorbentes combinados con plátano y naranja podrian ser altamente recomendados para la remoción de Cr (VI) en efluentes de curtiembres.

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Biografía del autor/a

Tatiana Andrea Dávila Martínez, Universidad del Valle.

Instituto CINARA, Grupo de Investigación en Saneamiento Ambiental (GISAM); Grupo de Investigación en Estudios Ambientales (GEA); Ingeniera Ambiental, Popayán, Colombia.

Nazly Efredis Sanchez Peña, Corporación Universitaria Autónoma del Cauca, Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Desarrollo Sostenible

Grupo de Investigación Tecnología y Ambiente (GITA); Ph.D. en Ingeniería Química y Medio Ambiente, Popayán, Colombia.

Darwim Andrés Ordoñez Erazo, Corporación Universitaria Autónoma del Cauca, Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Desarrollo Sostenible.
Ingeniero Ambiental y sanitario, Popayán, Colombia.
Ricardo Benitez Benitez, Universidad del Cauca.

Grupo de investigación de productos naturales (QPN); PhD en Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos, Popayán, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Dávila Martínez, T. A., Sanchez Peña, N. E., Ordoñez Erazo, D. A., & Benitez Benitez, R. (2017). Evaluación de residuos agroindustriales como biofiltros: remoción de cr (vi) en efluentes de curtiembres sintéticos. Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 15(1), 49-58. https://doi.org/10.18684/BSAA(15)49-58
Publicado
2017-03-30
Sección
Artículos de Investigaciòn