Caracterización del epicarpio de guayaba (Psidium guajava L.) como alternativa natural para uso en productos alimenticios procesados

Palabras clave: Antioxidantes, Colorantes naturales, Compuestos fenólicos, Frutas tropicales.

Resumen

Dentro de las frutas tropicales, la guayaba (Psidium guajava L.) es una de las más consumidas gracias a sus excelentes propiedades organolépticas y funcionales, rica en compuestos bioactivos. Su aprovechamiento agroindustrial genera gran cantidad de subproductos, incluido el epicarpio, el cual representa aproximadamente entre el 25 y el 30% del peso de la fruta. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue determinar, en el epicarpio de la guayaba, las propiedades fisicoquímicas, las coordenadas de color y caracterizarlo en su contenido de compuestos carotenoides y fenólicos, así como también determinar la actividad antioxidante del mismo. Se elaboró la harina de epicarpio de guayaba (HEG) y con base en métodos aprobados se le determinó rendimiento en peso, pH, acidez titulable, sólidos solubles, contenido de humedad, actividad de agua y parámetros de color, así como los compuestos bioactivos anotados. Los resultados, para los parámetros fisicoquímicos fueron altos y el contenido de compuestos carotenoides para las diferentes fracciones fluctuó entre 9,414 para la fracción de α-caroteno y 10,894 para la fracción de β-criptoxantina. La actividad antioxidante, arrojó un valor de 62,281% y el contenido de compuestos fenólicos fue de 24,948 mg EAG/g. Se concluye que la HEG puede ser utilizada como fuente de compuestos bioactivos naturales en la industria alimenticia.

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Cómo citar
Hleap Zapata, J. I., Velasco Arango, V. A., Bernal Martínez, A. A., & Ordóñez Santos, L. E. (2020). Caracterización del epicarpio de guayaba (Psidium guajava L.) como alternativa natural para uso en productos alimenticios procesados. Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 18(2), 26-36. https://doi.org/10.18684/BSAA(18)26-36
Publicado
2020-06-16
Sección
Artículos de Investigaciòn