Vida comercial de pitahaya amarilla tratada con 1-mcp

  • Lina Serna Cock Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Palmira.
  • Saul Dussan Sarria Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Palmira
  • Alfredo Ayala Aponte Universidad del Valle. Escuela de Ingeniería de alimentos.
Palabras clave: Selenicerus megalanthus Haw, Frutas tropicales, Maduración, Etileno

Resumen

1-metilciclopropeno (1-MCP), un inhibidor del etileno, ha sido utilizado para extender la vida comercial de diferentes frutas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar  el efecto de la aplicación de soluciones acuosas de 10, 100 y 200 gL-1 de 1-MCP, con tiempos de exposición de 1, 5 y 10 minutos, sobre la vida comercial de pitahaya amarilla en estado de madurez 4. Durante 15 días de almacenamiento (25 ± 2°C y 75% de humedad relativa), se evaluaron cambios físicos como la pérdida de peso y la aparición de pardeamiento; y se midieron cambios químicos como sólidos solubles, pH, acidez e índice de madurez. Se presentaron diferencias significativas entre los tratamientos. Los resultados demostraron que aplicaciones de 200 gL-1 de 1-MCP durante 10 minutos prolongó por tres días, la vida comercial de la pitahaya amarilla, y redujo cambios en los sólidos solubles y la acidez.

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Biografía del autor/a

Lina Serna Cock, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Palmira.
Doctora en Ingeniería de alimentos. Facultad de Ingeniería y Administración
Saul Dussan Sarria, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Palmira
Doctor en Fisología Poscosecha.
Alfredo Ayala Aponte, Universidad del Valle. Escuela de Ingeniería de alimentos.
Doctorr en Ciencia y Tecnología de alimentos. Facultad de Ingeniería

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Cómo citar
Serna Cock, L., Sarria, S. D., & Ayala Aponte, A. (2013). Vida comercial de pitahaya amarilla tratada con 1-mcp. Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 11(1), 19-29. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unicauca.edu.co/index.php/biotecnologia/article/view/261
Publicado
2013-07-01

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