Aceite esencial de orégano (Lippia origanoides) mejora parámetros productivos y metabólitos sanguíneos en lechones

  • Carlos Abel Maya Ortega Universidad Nacional De Colombia sede Medellín
Palabras clave: Fitobiótico, Porcicultura, Antibiótico, Destete.

Resumen

Los antibióticos han sido utilizados en la alimentación animal con el fin de garantizar una producción más eficiente; sin embargo, la aparición de bacterias resistentes a los antibióticos ha causado preocupación tanto a consumidores como científicos. El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la suplementación con Lippia origanoides sobre el rendimiento productivo y la concentración de metabolitos sanguíneos en lechones destetados a los 21 días. Se utilizaron 72 lechones destetados el día 21 y aleatorizados a 3 dietas: (D1) alimento base, (D2) alimento base + bacitracina de zinc (350 ppm) y (D3) alimento base + Lippia origanoides (150 ppm). Los días 15 y 30 del periodo experimental se evaluaron parámetros zootécnicos y variables metabólicas a nivel sérico. Los animales que consumieron la dieta D3 presentaron mayor conversión alimenticia y ganancia de peso, además de presentar concentraciones mayores (p<0,05) de fosfatasa alcalina, calcio y fosforo, mientras que las concentraciones de creatinina, alanino amino-transferasa, glucosa, triglicéridos y colesterol se encontraron significativamente (p<0,05) inferiores en comparación con los animales que consumieron (D1) y (D2). El uso de Lippia origanoides en la dieta de lechones constituye una alternativa al uso de antibióticos, pues tiene efectos favorables sobre la bioquímica sanguínea y el rendimiento productivo.

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Cómo citar
Maya Ortega, C. A. (2021). Aceite esencial de orégano (Lippia origanoides) mejora parámetros productivos y metabólitos sanguíneos en lechones. Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 1-14. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unicauca.edu.co/index.php/biotecnologia/article/view/1547
Publicado
2021-01-22
Sección
Artículos de Investigaciòn