Aceite esencial de orégano (Lippia origanoides) mejora parámetros productivos y metabólitos sanguíneos en lechones

  • Carlos Abel Maya Ortega Universidad Nacional De Colombia sede Medellín
  • Jaime Andrés Ángel Isaza PROMITEC Santanter S.A.S
  • Blanca Cecilia Martínez Morales PROMITEC Santanter S.A.S
  • Jaime Eduardo Parra Suescún Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín
Palabras clave: Aceite esencial, Antibiótico, Bioquímica Sanguínea, Destete, Fitobiótico, Porcicultura, Nutrientes, Lechones, Rendimiento Productivo, Lippia Origanoides

Resumen

Los antibióticos han sido utilizados en la alimentación animal con el fin de garantizar una producción más eficiente; sin embargo, la aparición de bacterias resistentes a los antibióticos ha causado preocupación tanto a consumidores como científicos. El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la suplementación con Lippia origanoides sobre el rendimiento productivo y la concentración de metabolitos sanguíneos en lechones destetados a los 21 días. Se utilizaron 72 lechones destetados el día 21 y aleatorizados a 3 dietas: (D1) alimento base, (D2) alimento base + bacitracina de zinc (350 ppm) y (D3) alimento base + Lippia origanoides (150 ppm). Los días 15 y 30 del periodo experimental se evaluaron parámetros zootécnicos y variables metabólicas a nivel sérico. Los animales que consumieron la dieta D3 presentaron mayor conversión alimenticia y ganancia de peso, además de presentar concentraciones mayores (p<0,05) de fosfatasa alcalina, calcio y fosforo, mientras que las concentraciones de creatinina, alanino amino-transferasa, glucosa, triglicéridos y colesterol se encontraron significativamente (p<0,05) inferiores en comparación con los animales que consumieron (D1) y (D2). El uso de Lippia origanoides en la dieta de lechones constituye una alternativa al uso de antibióticos, pues tiene efectos favorables sobre la bioquímica sanguínea y el rendimiento productivo.

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Cómo citar
Maya Ortega, C. A., Ángel Isaza , J. A., Martínez Morales , B. C., & Parra Suescún , J. E. (2021). Aceite esencial de orégano (Lippia origanoides) mejora parámetros productivos y metabólitos sanguíneos en lechones. Biotecnología En El Sector Agropecuario Y Agroindustrial, 19(2), 82–93. https://doi.org/10.18684/bsaa.v19.n2.2021.1547
Publicado
2021-01-22
Sección
Artículos de Investigaciòn